Read The Ethics/Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect/Selected Letters by Baruch Spinoza Free Online
Book Title: The Ethics/Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect/Selected Letters|
The author of the book: Baruch Spinoza
Edition: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.
Date of issue: November 1st 1992
ISBN 13: 9780872201309
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 929 KB
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Spinoza is the most systematic and reasoned thinker of the Rationalists. His ethics is a huge set of definitions, axioms, propositions, proofs, and corollaries in a bizarre format called the "geometrical" style, loosely based on the very rigid and sequential nature of mathematical proofs. His systematic approach leads him to some very unusual conclusions about the nature of God, the human being and its relation to the world, and his ultimate ethical imperatives, but it is nonetheless a very original and interesting train of thought, and a much bolder and more striking set of ideas than those posited by the other most well-known Rationalists, Descartes and Leibniz--but as they say, we are all standing on the shoulders of giants.
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Read information about the authorBaruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher. The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.
His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes' mind–body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely."
Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said of all contemporary philosophers, "You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all."